[Socrates:] To them, I said, the truth would be literally nothing but the shadows of the images.
[Glaucon:] That is certain.
The Physics and Philosophy of the Ancient Mysteries
Plato's 5th element, The Matrix and Planck momentum
The Ancient Mysteries
The classic 1975 bestseller "Tao of Physics" by Dr. Fritjof Capra was an attempt to link the writings of the ancient philosophers and teachers (Pythagoras, Plato, Buddha, Tao etc) with modern physics. However it, as with other contemporary attempts, was limited to an analysis of parallels, that the ancient view-point may somehow provide insights to quantum physics, and was unable to reach any significant conclusion.
In this text, Plato's Cave (taken from Plato's The Republic 'Allegory of the Cave'), I have attempted to re-construct the ancient universe, in particular I look at the 5 element theory of the universe (earth, water, fire, air, quintessence), the Matrix (all is number), the Harmony of the Spheres (Pythagoras), the Buddhist notion of Emptiness or Nothingness, the Taoist Yin-Yang and so forth. As these of themselves tend to be rather cryptic, I have used observations in modern physics in order to tie them together to re-create the view of the universe as the ancients may have seen it.
What we then find is unexpected, a universe whose dimensions are momentum, time and velocity - the dimensions of motion. In other words, the universe of the ancients seems to have been no more real than the images on a TV screen, hence the title of this book. Nevertheless, the pieces of this universe puzzle, although taken 2500 years ago from both east and west, when joined together do appear to construct a comprehensive model of the universe.
The physics (formulas and derivations), I have moved to another website; www.Planck momentum.com
There I have divided the theory into 4 papers;
1. Physical constants in terms of the 5th element (the sqrt of Planck momentum)
2. Electron as a spherical magnetic monopole
3. The 4 forces as physical orbitals
4. Time and the expanding black-hole contracting white-hole universe
I have added online calculators so the formulas may be readily confirmed.
The question then becomes; could this be a description of our own universe... the elusive Theory Of Everything ... and if so, then how did they know?
The 5th element
A 5 element theory and the fundamental constants
We are not sure where the 5 element theory of the universe originated, but by 500BC it had spread across much of the planet, from Japan, China, Tibet, India to Europe. There were the 4 terrestrial elements (earth, water, fire, air) and the 5th celestial element, the fabric of the universe itself. Curiously physics also uses 4 elements known as the mksA SI units; if we extrapolate from these ...
The mystery of the Yin-yang
In which the Yin-yang leads to wave-particle duality
The present-day philosophical Yin-yang symbolizes a dualism, however the original Taoist Yin-yang was instead a mathematical shape, a graph of a cyclic event over time. When we apply this to natural systems, from electrons to galaxies, we find it describes the phenomena known as wave-particle duality (that light is sometimes a wave and sometimes a point). From there we can then use our Yin-yang to solve Einsteins relativity and E=mc2. We may then ask, if it applies to all natural systems, does it also apply to us ... read more...
Time and the Yin-yang universe
From a black-hole universe with a white-hole twin
From a Yin-yang expanding black-hole contracting white-hole universe we find a rationale for time, the arrow of time, relativity, dark-matter, dark-energy, mass, space ... read more...
The Mystery of the Mathematical Universe
In the film The Matrix, the central theme was that our universe is not real, it is just a series of numbers...
The film was inspired by Pythagoras and Plato. In physics it is called a Mathematical Universe Hypothesis or MUH and relates to the origin of mathematics... is mathematics a human invention or do we discover it just as Columbus 'discovered' America (for example)... does the formula for a triangle exist in the same sense as an apple exists, could that solid chair upon which I sit be just a mathematical formula and so on...
The answer is quite simple ... read more...
Gravity & the Harmony of the Spheres
In which Pythagoras suggests an alternative
In a theory known as the Harmony of the Spheres (or Music of the Spheres), Pythagoras proposed that the Sun, Moon and planets each emit their own unique 'hum' based on their orbital revolution.
When we follow this line of reasoning to its logical conclusion and do the mathematics, we find a solution for gravity that can also be applied to the nucleus, the atom and to molecules. The GUT Grand Unified Theory becomes the Greek Unified Theory. We see that the moon is not orbiting the earth, Newton's apple didn't fall ...
Śūnyatā (emptiness or nothingness)
In which we build a universe from zero
From the Buddhist or Taoist concepts of Śūnyatā (emptiness or nothingness) as the mathematical concept of zero, we can construct (via the law of conservation of momentum) matter and anti-matter; electrons and anti-electrons, protons and anti-protons, photons and anti-photons. In fact it seems that we can build an entire universe from zero. So what is zero ... read more...
The Ancient Mysteries
"Concepts that have proven useful in ordering things easily attain such an authority over us that we forget their Earthly origins and accept them as unalterable facts. The path of scientific advance is often made impassable for a long time through such errors... our conceptions of Physical Reality can never be definitive; we must always be ready to alter them, to alter, that is, the axiomatic basis of physics" -Albert Einstein
"We are all agreed that your theory is crazy. The question which divides us is whether it is crazy enough to have a chance of being correct" -Niels Bohr
"Listening to the Logos rather than to me, it is wise to agree that all things are in reality one thing and one thing only".
-Heraclitus, Greek Philosopher
500BC Theory of Everything
Nobel laureate Leon Lederman once wrote:
Our universe; the great symphony
To understand our universe, whose dimensions are the dimensions of motion; momentum, time and velocity... we must discard our 3-D view of the world in exchange for the language of music, for how can we use length to describe a symphony. In this respect, Ravel's Bolero is the ballet of the universe...
Continued from The Physics (above)
evolution, fine-tuning cosmology and Intelligent Design
If the natural fundamental physical constants are fixed in value, then the multiverse (fine-tuning cosmology) as a theory collapses, is Intelligent Design left as the most probable cause?...
Destiny, Buddhism, Taoism, Karma, Free-Will and wave-particle duality
The Buddhist concept of Karma links Free-Will and Destiny through parallels with wave-particle duality, for if our wave-states are the over-time period, then our (time-less) point-state becomes the sum of who we were... the sum of every thought we ever had... and so the Portrait of Dorian Gray may not be merely an Oscar Wilde novel, but actually a preview of what lies ahead...
The Matrix, Mathematical Realism (Platonism) and a Mathematical Universe
Plato's universe of mathematical universe forms is the same technique as used in computer games... and particles are modulated units of Planck momentum...