In Plato's "Allegory of the Cave", Plato compared our visible world to shadows on a cave wall, he believed the real world lay elsewhere. A contemporary version could be the "Allegory of the Computer Display", for example, my laptop display has 2 space dimensions (1280x768 pixels) and 1 (60Hz) time dimension, yet the real computer, the cpu manipulating those gigabits of 1's and 0's, lies elsewhere.
We seem to be inside a 3 space-dimension and 1-time dimension universe, but this too is inadequate to explain what we know and so physicists have tried adding another 6-7 dimensions and multiple universes, but 40 years later and the answer still eludes them.
And so perhaps we need to abandon our 3-D pixel world-view and look elsewhere...
Planck Temperature, Planck Momentum and the Electron
Sacred Geometry and The 3-Dimensions of the Ancient Universe
For example, at present no candidate theory is able to calculate the fine structure constant or the mass of the electron.
Science has developed a series of units or dimensions to describe our universe. We measure mass in kg or pounds, distance in meters or miles, time in seconds, electric charge with amperes, temperature with Celsius or Fahrenheit or Kelvins... These units come from using our planet as a fixed reference; the duration of the second from the length of a day, the length of the meter from the circumference of the earth, 100C the boiling point of water, 1 kg equals about 1 litre of water... If we were fish we might use different units, for example we could not describe our position using 3-D space for within the ocean we would have no point of reference (to define a position I need a fixed starting point to begin from; x=0, y=0, z=0).
At present both our 4-D space-time and physics 11-D super-string universes are inadequate descriptions, and so we might ask, what units or dimensions does the universe itself use... i.e.: what would the universe look like at the universe level? - in physics this would be known as the Planck level.
Beginning with Plato, and moving through the universe theories of the ancients with experimental observations of modern physics as the backdrop, we finally end up with a description of a Planck universe, but it is not the universe that we would have expected, for the 3 fundamental dimensions we find are not normally considered dimensions or fundamental.
What we instead find is a binary universe that uses 1 and 2π (2pi = 2*3.14159 = circumference of a circle) instead of 1 and 0 (as our computers) and 3 axis of dimensions; temperature, momentum and the humble electron (Planck temperature, sqrt of Planck momentum and a magnetic monopole). Yet we can scale from this universe to our universe with complete accuracy. What does this mean...
Science has also developed a series of mathematical laws to explain observations of our universe. These are known as the Laws of Physics and are constructed upon the premise that there are constants that govern our universe. The speed of light, gravity... are the same everywhere, hence the designation constants (the constants of physics). Numerically we describe them in terms of our earth bound units... for example, if there is a fundamental unit of mass (such a unit would be known by physics as Planck mass) then at the universe level this unit of Planck mass would equal 1. When we translate this to our planetary kg, this same unit of mass becomes .0218mg (1mg = .0000001kg).
We then find that there is a key to the universe code that permits us to translate from the universe level to our level and we can use this key to solve the constants of physics; G (gravitational constant), h (Planck constant), e (elementary charge), c, me (electron mass), μ0 (vacuum permeability), kB (Boltzmanns constant) ... in terms of our earth units. We can then compare our results with our physics handbook (known as CODATA 2010) and we find we that all results nicely agree to within 10 digits (i.e.: within experimental error).
How significant is this? In an article in Scientific American, J Barrow et al remark; "Some things never change. Physicists call them the constants of nature. Such quantities as the velocity of light, c, Newton's constant of gravitation, G, and the mass of the electron, me ... form the scaffolding around which the theories of physics are erected, and they define the fabric of our universe. Physics has progressed by making ever more accurate measurements of their values.
And yet, remarkably, no one has ever successfully predicted or explained any of the constants. Physicists have no idea why they take the special numerical values that they do. In SI units, c is 299,792,458; G is 6.673 X 10-11; and me is 9.10938188 X 10-31 -- numbers that follow no discernible pattern... The only thread running through the values is that if many of them were even slightly different, complex atomic structures such as living beings would not be possible. The desire to explain the constants has been one of the driving forces behind efforts to develop a complete unified description of nature, or "theory of everything." Physicists have hoped that such a theory would show that each of the constants of nature could have only one logically possible value. It would reveal an underlying order to the seeming arbitrariness of nature.
There is a lot of mathematics used to construct this theory, I have transferred as much as possible to a separate physics website www.planckmomentum.com for those who are familiar with physics, at that site there are also online calculators with which to confirm the precision of the results (re: CODATA 2010). Over time I intend to integrate on this website a philosophical perspective in conjunction with the principles (the mathematics). It must be remembered however that the philosophy is constructed upon the mathematical principles. They cannot be separated.
note: at present this website is constructed around the 2013 edition, hopefully the 2014 edition revision will be online by mid-December. The physics site is being updated first physics web site
The Ancient Mysteries
The classic 1975 bestseller "Tao of Physics" by Dr. Fritjof Capra was an attempt to link the writings of the ancient philosophers and teachers (Pythagoras, Plato, Buddha, Tao etc) with modern physics. However it, as with other contemporary attempts, was limited to an analysis of parallels, that the ancient view-point may somehow provide insights to quantum physics, and was unable to reach any significant conclusion.
In this text, Plato's Cave (taken from Plato's The Republic 'Allegory of the Cave'), I have taken axioms that resemble the ancient universe; in particular the 5 element theory of the universe (earth, water, fire, air, quintessence), the Matrix (all is number), the Harmony of the Spheres (Pythagoras), the Buddhist notion of Emptiness or Nothingness, the Taoist Yin-Yang, Og the Caveman's double spiral and so forth... and show how these may be used to re-interpret observations in modern physics.
What we then find is a universe that seems to operate according to the mathematics of biological systems... yet a universe whose only constructs are the 3 dimensions of motion; momentum, time and velocity... a universe that is no more physical or material than the shadows on the wall of a cave or images on a computer screen...
The question then becomes; could this organic "universe that isn't" also be a description of our own universe? read Part I; the organic universe
The 5th element
A 5 element theory and the fundamental constants of physics
We are not sure where the 5 element theory of the universe originated, but by 500BC it had spread from Japan, China, Tibet, India to Europe. It included the 4 terrestrial elements (earth, water, fire, air) and a 5th celestial element, the fabric of the universe itself. Curiously physics also uses 4 elements, known as the mksA SI units (kg, m, s, A), and if we extrapolate from these we can propose a 5th celestial SI unit -Q, the square root of Planck momentum...
The mystery of the Yin-yang
The Yin-yang and the wave-particle duality dilemma
The present-day philosophical Yin-yang symbolizes a dualism, however the original Taoist Yin-yang was a mathematical shape, the graph of a cyclic event over time. When we apply this to natural systems, from electrons to galaxies, we find that it describes the phenomena known in physics as wave-particle duality (that light is sometimes a wave and sometimes a point). If we use the dimensions of time and velocity, our Yin-yang graph reduces Einsteins relativity and E=mc2 formula to a simple Pythagorean relationship. We may then ask, if it applies to all natural systems, does it also apply to us ... read more...
Time and the Yin-yang universe
From a black-hole universe with a white-hole twin
If we suppose our universe to be an expanding black-hole universe with a contracting white-hole universe twin, then we find a rationale for time, the arrow of time, relativity, dark-matter, dark-energy, mass, space etc where the complexity of our universe, as with all organic systems, arises because of time... read more...
The Mystery of the Mathematical Universe
In the film The Matrix, the central theme was that our universe is not real, it is just a series of numbers...
The film was inspired by Pythagoras and Plato. In physics it is called a Mathematical Universe Hypothesis or MUH and relates to the origin of mathematics... is mathematics a human invention or do we discover it just as Columbus 'discovered' America (for example)... does the formula for a triangle exist in the same sense as an apple exists, could that solid chair upon which I sit be just a mathematical formula and so on...
The answer may be quite simple, I propose that the universe uses a well-known technique called modulation ... read more...
Gravity & the Harmony of the Spheres
In which Pythagoras suggests an alternative
In a theory known as the Harmony of the Spheres (or Music of the Spheres), Pythagoras proposed that the Sun, Moon and planets each emit their own unique 'hum' based on their orbital revolution.
When we follow this line of reasoning to its logical conclusion and do the mathematics, we find a solution for gravity that can also be applied to the nucleus, the atom and to molecules. The GUT Grand Unified Theory of physics then becomes a Greek Unified Theory. Pythagorean gravity suggests that the moon is not orbiting the earth, Newton's apple didn't fall ...
Śūnyatā (emptiness or nothingness)
In which we build a universe from zero
From the Buddhist and Hindu concepts of Śūnyatā (emptiness or nothingness) came the mathematical concept of zero. We show how from zero we can construct atoms. In fact it seems that we can build an entire universe from this mathematical zero. So then, what is zero? ... read more...
Cosmological constant and the double spiral
Fibonacci's golden ratio and the double or twin spiral
The logarithmic spiral, the most famous being the Fibonacci spiral (the golden spiral or golden mean) is the classic example of a mathematical rule that applies to both living organisms and physical systems. According to a University of Manchester study; "The largest ever research project into mathematical patterns in flowers has proved a link between number sequences and nature, Manchester scientists said..."
The first 'attempt' at a Planck unit theory of nature was by an unknown Cro-Magnon ‘physicist’ 24,000 years ago who engraved onto a mammoth tooth a spiral made up with rows of dots. If we change 'dot' for Planck 'micro black-hole' then... read more...
500BC Theory of Everything
Nobel laureate Leon Lederman once wrote:
Our universe; the great symphony
To understand our universe, whose only dimensions are the dimensions of motion; momentum, time and velocity, and which is constantly growing in tempo, a sort of cosmic Bolero... we must first discard our 3-D view of the world in exchange for the language of music, for how can we use mass and length to describe a symphony?
"Concepts that have proven useful in ordering things easily attain such an authority over us that we forget their Earthly origins and accept them as unalterable facts. The path of scientific advance is often made impassable for a long time through such errors... our conceptions of Physical Reality can never be definitive; we must always be ready to alter them, to alter, that is, the axiomatic basis of physics" -Albert Einstein
"We are all agreed that your theory is crazy. The question which divides us is whether it is crazy enough to have a chance of being correct" -Niels Bohr
Continued from The Physics (above)
evolution, fine-tuning cosmology and Intelligent Design
If the natural fundamental physical constants are fixed in value, then the multiverse (fine-tuning cosmology) as a theory collapses, is Intelligent Design then left as the most probable cause?...
Destiny, Buddhism, Taoism, Karma, Free-Will and wave-particle duality
If this Yin-yang solution for wave-particle duality also applies to us, then Buddhist Karma becomes the Portrait of Dorian Gray. Oscar Wilde meets the Tao...
The Matrix, Mathematical Realism (Platonism) and a Mathematical Universe
Just as we may use frequency modulation to transmit music (FM radio) so too the universe uses electron modulation and proton modulation to make atoms...